8. Hadiths (reported Sayings by the Prophet)

Tag: Mona

 

 

Prophet Muhammad once said, “Do not write from me anything except the Qur’an and whosoever has written anything from me other than the Qur’an should erase it.” (Al-Bukhari)

Nevertheless the Hadith’s are very important for Muslims but we always should keep in mind them being man-written and that they reflect the life and culture of that time. Most of them were transmitted orally up to 300 later before beening collected, sorted  out and are in use until this day.

Reported Sayings, Hadith’s by Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h.):

“Do treat your women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers.”

“I am leaving you with the Book of God and Sunnah (=example) of his prophet. If you follow them, you will never go astray.”

” Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.”   (all three from the farewell speech on his last Hajj, which makes them a final verdict.)

“My Sustainer has given me nine commands: to remain conscious of God, whether in private or in public; to speak justly, whether angry or pleased; to show moderation both when poor and when rich; to reunite friendship with those who have broken it off with me; to give to him who refuses me; that my silence should be occupied with thought; that my looking should be an admonition; and that I should command what is right.”

“There is no compulsion in religion…”

“The major sins are associating other objects of worship with God, disobedience to parents, murder, and deliberate perjury.”

“God is gentle, and He loves the adoption of a gentle attitude in all matters.” (related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

“There are three signs of a hypocrite: when he speaks he speaks lies, when he makes a promise he breaks it, and when he is trusted he betrays his trust.”

“The Muslim is he from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe, and the Emigrant is he who abandons what God has prohibited.”

“He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a true believer.

“You are not a true believer if you harm your neighbor.”

“Shall I not inform you of a better act than fasting, alms and prayers? Making peace between one another: Enmity and malice tear up heavenly rewards by the roots.”

“No Muslim is allowed not to talk his brother for more than three consecutive days. The better one is the one who starts the greeting.”

“God has no mercy on one who has no mercy for others.”

“Be merciful to those who live on Earth so that the One in Heaven may be merciful to you.”

“God is most  compassionate to those of His servants who are themselves compassionate.”

“Actions are judged according to their intentions and every person will be dealt with (in the Hereafter) according to what he intends.”

“Modesty and faith are twins. One who gives up one has to lose the other too.”

“A person who believes in God and the Hereafter should speak about good things or else should keep quiet.”

“Keep away of ill-thinking, because ill-thinking is the greatest falsehood.”

“If anyone buys a garment for ten dirhams among which one is unlawfully acquired, God Most High will not accept prayer from him as long as he wears it.”

“If anyone keeps goods till the price rises, he is a sinner.”

“If anyone withholds grain for forty days thereby desiring a high price, has renounced God and God has renounced him.”

“It is not lawful for a Muslim to sell such a commodity that has a defect, except that the defect is shown to the buyer.”

“If anyone accepts others belongings meaning to pay back, God will pay back for him, but if anyone accepts them meaning to squander them, God will on that account destroy his property.”

“Gold is to be paid by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates and salt by salt, like for like, payment being made on the spot. If anyone gives more or asks for more, he has dealt in usury. The receiver and the giver are equally guilty.”

“When a man makes a loan to another, he must not accept a present.”

“If anyone claims what is not his, he does not belong to us, and let him come to his seat in hell.”

“All the evils can be found in a believer, except dishonesty and falsehood.”

“He who goes out in search of knowledge is in God’s path till he returns.”

“The search of knowledge is an obligation laid on every Muslim.”

“The one who would have the worst position in God’s sight on the Day of Resurrection would be a learned man who did not profit from his learning.”

“Powerful is not he, who knocks the other down, indeed powerful is he, who controls himself in a fit of anger.”

“Do not consider any act of kindness insignificant, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face.”

“The man who is most hateful to God is the one who quarrels and disputes most”

“You will recognize the believers in their having Mercy for one another, and in their Love for one another, and in their Kindness towards one another; like the body, when one member of it hurts, the entire body hurts.”

“The prophet said: ‘Religion is sincerity’. We said: ‘To whom?’ He said: ‘To Allah and His Book, and His messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk’. ”

“God does not judge according to you bodies and appearance but He scans your hearts and looks into your deeds.”

“There is a reward for kindness to every living thing.”

“God has ordained kindness (or excellence) in everything. If killing is to be done, do it in the best manner, and when you slaughter, do it in the best manner by first sharpening the knife, and putting the animal at ease.”

“Cleanliness is part of faith…”

“Ask God for certainty (of faith) and well-being; for after certainty, no one is given any gift better than health!”

“He who is involved bringing up daughters, and accords benevolent treatment towards them, they will be protection for him against Hell-fire.”

“O you young men! Whoever is able to marry should marry, for that will help him to lower his gaze and guard his modesty.”

“When a man marries, he has fulfilled half of his religion, so let him fear Allah regarding the remaining half.”

“The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”

“The most perfect in faith amongst believers is he who is best and kindest to his wife.”

“This world is nothing but temporary conveniences, and the greatest joy in this world is a righteous woman”

“Whoever marries a woman solely for her power and position, God will only increase him in humiliation. Whoever marries a woman solely for her wealth, God will only increase him in poverty. Whoever marries a woman because of her beauty, God will only increase him in ugliness. But whoever marries a woman in order that he may restrain his eyes, observe cautiousness, and treat his relations kindly, Allah puts a blessing in her for him and in him for her.”

“When a man gives his daughter in marriage and she dislikes it, the marriage shall be annulled.” (Once a virgin girl came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) and said that her father had married her to a man against her wishes. The Prophet gave her the right to repudiate the marriage.)

“Khansa’ b. Khidham reported that her father gave her in marriage, after she had became a widow. She disliked it and came to the Prophet. He annulled the marriage.”

“The widow and the divorced woman shall not be married until their order is obtained, and the virgin shall not be married until her consent is obtained.”

A report from Ibn Abbas states that the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: “A previously married woman is more a guardian for herself than her guardian and a virgin should be asked permission about herself, and her permission is her silence. ”

Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: “A grown-up girl shall be asked permission about herself. If she is silent, it is her permission; and if she declines, there shall be no compulsion on her.” (Muslim).

“A believer is a brother of a believer. Hence it is not lawful for him to bargain upon the bargain of a brother, nor propose for (the hand of a girl) after the marriage proposal of his brother, until the latter (voluntarily) withdraws the
proposal.”

Some Muslim  wives complained to him that their husbands had beaten them. Hearing that, the Prophet categorically stated that: ”Those who do so (beat their wives) are not the best among you”

Narrated by Abu Dhar: “I abused a man by calling his mother with bad names. The prophet said to me: ‘O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother with bad names? You still have some characteristics of ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of that which he eats and dress him of that which he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.” (more under the topic ‘Slavery’)

Narrated Anas: “None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.”

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri: “Allah’s Messenger said, ‘If a person embraces Islam sincerely, then God shall forgive all his past sins, and after that starts the settlement of accounts, the reward of his good deeds will be ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and an evil deed will be recorded as it is unless God forgives it.”

“Do not prevent the bond-maids of God from (going to) God’s mosques.”

“If someone’s wife asks his permission to go to the mosque, he should not deny it to her.”

Narrated Abu Huraira: “Allah’s Messenger said: ‘Whoever observes Saum (fasts) during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.’ ”

Narrated Abu Huraira: “The Prophet said: ‘Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but to try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by offering the prayers in the mornings, afternoons and during the last hours of the nights.’ ”

Prophet Mohammed (p.b.u.h.) stood and asked his companions to stand up when a funeral procession passed by. When the companions said it was the funeral of a Jew, the prophet said: “Is he not a human being?”

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr: “The prophet said, ‘A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (Emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all that Allah has forbidden.’ ”

Narrated Abu Huraira: “The prophet said: ‘O Muslim women! None of you should look down upon the gift sent by her she-neighbor even if it were the trotters of the sheep (fleshless part of legs).”

Narrated Abu Huraira: “The prophet said, ‘I shall accept the invitation even if I were invited to a meal of a sheep’s trotter (fleshless part of legs), and I shall accept the gift even if it were an arm or trotter of a sheep.”

Narrated Abu Huraira: ” The Prophet said: ‘When your servant brings your meal to you then if you do not let him sit and share the meal, then he should at least be given a mouthful or two mouthfuls of that meal or meal or two meals, as he has prepared it.”

Narrated Abu Bakrah: “I heard Allah’s Messenger saying: ‘When two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the Hell-fire.’ I said: “O Allah’s Messenger! It is alright for the murderer but what about the murdered one?’ Allah’s messenger replied: ‘He surely ha the intention to kill his companion.’ ”

Narrated Um Kulthum bint Uqba that she heard Allah’s Messenger saying: ‘He who makes peace between the people by inventing good information or saying good things, is not a liar.”

Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d: “Once the people of Quba’ fought with each other till they threw stones on each other. When Allah’s Messenger was informed about it, he said, ‘Let us go to bring about a reconciliation between them.’ ”

Narrated Abu Bakrah that he heard Allah’s Messenger saying: “A judge should not make a judgement between two persons when he is in anger. ”

Narrated Ma’qil bin Yasar: “I heard the Prophet saying: ‘Any man whom Allah has given the authority of ruling some people and he does not look after them in an honest manner, will never have even the smell of Paradise.’ ”

“God grants a respite to the oppressor, but when He finally seizes him, He will not let him escape.”

“The God’s messenger (p.b.u.h.) passed a mixed company of Muslims, polytheists who worshipped idols and Jews and he gave them a salutation.”

“None of you must point a weapon at his brother for he does not know whether the devil may draw it out while it is in his hand as a result of which he will fall into a pit of hell.”

“Feed the hungry, visit the sick and free the captive.”

“By Him in Whose hand my soul is, a man does not believe till he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.”

“Wealth is not in vast riches but wealth is in self-contentment.”

“One who guides to something good has a reward similar to that of its doer.”

“If anyone of you sees something objectionable, he should change it with his hand, but if he cannot, he should change it with his tongue, and if he cannot he should do it in his heart, that being the weakest form of faith.”

“If people knew what I know about the dangers of being alone, no rider would travel alone at night.”

“God’s messenger, Mohammad, (p.b.u.h.) did not come to his family during the night, but was accustomed to enter only in the morning or in the evening.”

“God’s messenger, Mohammad, (p.b.u.h.) used to arrive from a journey only in the daytime during the forenoon, and that when he arrived he went first to the mosque where he prayed two Raka’s, after which he sat in it and gave audience to the people.”

“God’s messenger, Muhammad, (p.b.uh.) used to keep to the rear when traveling and urge on the weak. He would take some up behind him and would make supplication for them all.”

“Anas said: I served the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) for ten years and he never said to me, ‘Shame!’ or ‘Why you do such and such?’ or ‘Why did you not do such and such.’ ”
“Jabir said that when God’s messenger (p.b.u.h.) was asked for anything, he never said, ‘No.’ ”
“Abu Huraira told that when God’s messenger (p.b.u.h.) was asked to invoke curse on the polytheists he replied, ‘I was not sent as one given to cursing; I was sent only as a mercy.’ ”
“Hind, daughter of Khadija from her former husband, says about the Prophet (p.b.u.h.): ‘Kind of heart, he was nice and sweet-tempered. He never liked to displease or cause offence to anybody. He thanked even for trifling favours. He took whatever food was placed before him, without making any adverse remark. He never got angry for anything concerning his own person, nor did he think of taking revenge or letting down anybody, but if anyone opposed what was just and right, he used to get sore and helped the right cause with all his might.”
“When a Muslim plants a plant, anything eaten of it or stolen from it, until the Day of Resurrection, is accounted as charity for him.”

“The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: ‘Whomsoever Allah intends to do good, He gives right understanding of religion, and knowledge is maintained only through teaching.’ ”

Narrated Abu Hurairah: “I heard the Prophet saying: ‘If there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a bath in it five times a day, would you notice any dirt on him?’ They said, ‘Not a trace of dirt would e left.’ That is the example of the five Salat (prayers) with which Allah blots out (annuls) evil deeds.’ ”

Narrated Omar: ” I heard the Prophet saying, ‘do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Maryam (Mary), for I am only a slave. So, call me the slave of Allah and His Messenger.’ ”

During the reign of Omar (2nd successor to the Prophet p.b.u.h.), women participated in law making. Omar made a proposal of a certain regulation concerning marriage. A woman in the mosque stood up and said: “Omar, you can’t do that.” Omar did not tell her, “Shut up, you are a woman, you have nothing to do with politics, etc.” He asked, “Why?”

She made her argument on the basis of Quran. In front of everybody, Omar stood up and said, “The woman is right and Omar is wrong,” and he withdrew his proposal.

That was the spirit in the early days of Islam. In the most authentic collection of Hadith’s, Bukhari, a section is devoted to the participation of women, not only in public affairs, but in the battlefield, too and not only as logistical support. Women carried arms, and when there was great danger to the Muslims, they volunteered to participate even in the battlefield.

Hadith’s narrated by Lady Aisha:

“Whenever Allah’s Messenger was given a choice of one of two matters, he would choose the easier of the two, as long as it was not sinful to do so, but if it was sinful to do so, he would not approach it. Allah’s Messenger never took revenge (over anybody) for his own sake but (he did) only when Allah’s Legal Laws and Bindings were outraged in which case he would take revenge for Allah’s sake.”

“The Prophet used to talk so clearly that if somebody wanted to count the number of his word, he could do so.”

“Allah’s messenger never talked so quietly and vaguely as you do.”

“Aisha reported, ‘The Jews came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) and said, ‘Death overtake you! may Allah curse you and may Allah’s wrath descend on you. He (the Prophet) said: ‘Gently, O A’isha! Be courteous, and keep thyself away from roughness.”

“Allah’s Messenger used to accept gifts and used to give something in return.”

“Aswad said, I asked A’isha, ‘What did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) do when in his house?’ She said, ‘he served his wife’, meaning that he did work for his wife.”

“God’s messenger (p.b.u.h.) used to patch his sandals, sew his garments and conduct himself as anyone of you did in his house.”

“Aisha was asked: ‘What did the Prophet used to do in his house?’ She replied, ‘He used to keep himself busy serving his family and when it was the time for As-Salat (prayer), he would go for it.”

“Allah’s Messenger said: ‘When a woman gives in charity some of the foodstuff (which she has in her house) without spoiling it, she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, and the storekeeper will also have a reward similar to it. The reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others.’ ”

“How praiseworthy are the women of Ansar that their modesty does not prevent them from attempts at learning and the acquisition of knowledge.”

Narrated Aisha that “Barira came to seek her help in her writing of emancipation (for a certain sum) and at that time she had not paid anything for it. Aisha said to her, ‘Go back to your masters, and if they agree that I will pay the amount of your writing of emancipation and get your Wala, I will do so.’ Barira informed her masters of that but they refused and said, ‘If she (i.e.Aisha) is seeking Allah’s reward, then she can do so, but your Wala will for us.’ Aisha mentioned that to Allah’s messenger who said to her: ‘Buy and manumit her, as the Wala’ is for the liberator.’ Allah’s Messenger then got up and said, ‘What about the people who stipulate conditions which are not present in Allah’s laws? Whoever imposes conditions which are not present in Allah’s laws, then those conditions will be invalid, even if he imposed these conditions a hundred times. Allah’s conditions (Laws) are the truth and are more solid.”

“The Prophet asked Abu Bakr for (Aisha’s) hand in marriage. Abu Bakr said: ‘But I am your brother.’ The Prophet said: ‘you are my brother in Allah’s Religion and His Book, but she (Aisha) is lawful for me to marry.’ ”
Narrated (Aisha) that the Prophet said to her, “You have been shown to me twice in my dream. I saw you pictured on a piece of silk and someone said (to me), ‘This is your wife.’ When I uncovered the picture, I saw that it was yours. I said, ‘If this is from Allah, it will be accomplished.’ ”

“I said: ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Suppose you landed in a valley where there is a tree of which something has been eaten and the you found trees of which nothing has been eaten, of which tree would you let your camel graze?’ He said: ‘(I will let my camel graze) of the one which nothing has been eaten before.’ (the sub-narrator added: Aisha meant that Allah’s Messenger had not married a virgin besides herself.)

“I did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadijah (the first wife of the Prophet) though I did not see her, but the Prophet used to mention her very often, and whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would cut its parts and send them to the women-friends of Khadijah. When I sometimes said to him, ‘(you treat Khadijah in such a way) as if there is no woman on earth except Khadijah’, he would say, ‘ Khadijah was such and such and from her I had children.’ ”

“Once Hala bint Khuwailid, Khadijah’s sister, asked permission of the Prophet to enter. On that, the Prophet remembered the way Kahdijah used to ask permission, and that upset him. He said, ‘O Allah! Hala!’ So I became jealous and said, ‘What makes you remember an old woman amongst the old women of Qureish, (with a toothless mouth) of red gums who died long ago, and in whose place Allah has given you somebody better than her ?” ”

Here is one Hadith which makes us smile, and the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) to appear very human to us. Narrated Lady Aisha: “Allah’s messenger was fond of honey and sweet edible things and it was his habit that after finishing the Asr (=afternoon) prayer he would visit his wives and stay with one of them at that time. Once he went to Hafsah, the daughter of Omar and stayed with her more than usual. I got jealous and asked for the reason for that. I was told that a lady in her folk had given her a skin filled with honey as a present, and that she she made a syrup from it and gave it to the Prophet to drink (and that was the reason for the delay). I said, ‘By Allah, we will play a trick on him (to prevent him delaying so).’ So I said to Sawdah bint Zam’a, ‘The Prophet will approach you, and when he comes near you, say: ‘Have you taken Maghafir (=a bad-smelling gum)? He will say: ‘No’. Then say to him: ‘Then what is this bad smell which I smell on you?’ He will say to you, ‘Hafsah made me drink honey syrup.’ Then say:’ Perhaps the bees of hat honey had sucked the juice of the tree of Al-Urfut.’ I shall also say the same. O you, Safiya, say the same.’ Later Sawdah said: ‘By Allah, as soon as he (the Prophet) stood at the door, I was about to say to him what you had ordered me to say because I was afraid of you.’ So when the Prophet came near Sawdah, she said to him: ‘O Allah’s messenger! Have you taken Maghafir?’ He sad: ‘No.’ She said: ‘Then what is this bad smell I detect on you?’ He said: ‘Hafsah made me drink honey syrup.’ She said: ‘Perhaps its bees had sucked the juice of Al-Urfut tree.’ When he came to me, I also said the same, and when he went to Safiya, she also said the same. And when the Prophet again went to Hafsah, she said: ‘O Allah’s messenger! Shall I give you more of that drink?’ He said: ‘I am not in need of it.’ Sawdah said: ‘By Allah we have deprived him (of it). ‘I said to her: ‘Keep quiet!’. ” : )
Narrated (Abu Salama): “Aisha said that the Prophet said to her, ‘O Aisha! This is Jibrael (Gabriel) and he sends his (greetings) salutations to you.’ Aisha said, ‘Salutations (greetings) to him, and Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be on him,’ and addressing the Prophet she said, ‘You see what I don’t see.’ ”

Narrated Aisha: “I heard Allah’s Messenger saying, ‘The angels descend in the clouds and mention this or that matter decreed in the heaven. The devils listen stealthily to such a matter, come down to inspire the foretellers with it, and the latter would add to it one hundred lies of their own.”

“When the Prophet became seriously ill and his decease became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of two men while his legs were dragging on the ground.”

“I listened to the Prophet before his death while he was leaning his back on me and saying: ‘O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the companion.’ ”

“The Prophet died while he was between my chest and chin. So I never dislike the death agony for anyone after the Prophet.”

“Allah’s Messenger died when he was sixty-three years of age.”

“If you see an evil, correct it with your hand; if you cannot correct it with your hand, correct it with your tongue (words); if you cannot do it either, feel that it is wrong in your heart.”

Finally a few Hadith’s about the law of war and peace in Islam:

“There is no compulsion in religion…”

Muslims were prohibited from taking anything from the general public of a conquered country without paying for it. When the Muslim army occupied an area of the enemy country, it did not have the right to use things belonging to the people without consent.

“The Prophet has prohibited the believers from looting and plunder (Bukhari)

“Do not destroy villages and towns, do not spoil the cultivated fields and gardens, and do not slaughter the cattle.”

“Do not kill any old person, any child or any women” (AbuDawud)

“Do not kill the monks in monasteries” and “ do not kill the people who are sitting in places of worship.” (Ibn Hanbal)

“Do not attack a wounded person.”

“No prisoner should be put to the sword.”

“The greatest sins are to associate something with God and to kill human beings.”
(The above Hadith’s are from the most quoted collections of Bukhari and Muslim.)

########################################

Main sources of Hadith’s were collected and sorted  250-300 years after the Hijjra to Medina:

Sahih al-Bukhari (d. 256 after Hijjra = 870 A.D., 246 years after the death of the Prophet, p.b.u.h.) most quoted
Sahih Muslim (d. 261 after Hijjrah = 875 A.D. ), second most quoted
Sunan Ibn Majah (d. 273 after Hijjrah = 887 A.D. )
Sunan Abu Dawud (d. 275 after Hijjrah = 888 A.D. )
Jami Al Dirmithi (d. 279 after Hijjrah = 892 A.D. )
Sunan al-Nisai (d. 303 after Hijjrah = 915 A.D. )

These collections are quoted by Sunni Muslims, which constitute ca. 90% of the believers.
The Shiite Islam (small minority of Islam, less than 10 %) accepts only
traditions traced through Ali’s family. The major Shiite collections are those of al-Kulini, al-Babuya al-Qummi, and al-Tusi.

Quoting Shariah: The Islamic Law. by Abdur Rahman I. Doi,  54

“In preparing their collections, these Traditions obviously used a critical technique to decide what they would  include and what they should reject. Bukhari, for example, examined 600,000 traditions of which he accepted only 7,397. The purpose was to assemble a body of traditions which would serve as a rule of life for practicing Muslims, so their primary interest was in selecting such traditions as would give clear guidance concerning what Muslims belief and practice should be, what things were permissible and approved, and what were not permissible and disapproved.”

Encyclopedia, Hadith
“Hadith , a tradition or the collection of the traditions of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, including his sayings and deeds, and his tacit approval of what was said or done in his presence. The term, which literally refers to an individual tradition, is also used as a synonym of sunna, the normative custom of the Prophet and his companions, and as the name of a scholarly discipline. Hadith, as a discipline, consists of two branches, the first concerned with the validation of the individual traditions through the process of biographic examination of its chain of transmitters back to the Prophet (isnad), and the second concentrating on the actual content of the validated traditions (matn) as a source of religious authority. Since the formalization of Islam, this source of authority has been viewed as second only to the Qur’an. Hadith currently exists in two main sets of collections, corresponding to the Sunni and Shiite division within Islam. Sunni Islam recognizes as authoritative the collections of Bukhari and Muslim followed in importance by those of Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, an-Nasai, and Ibn Maja. Shiite Islam accepts only traditions traced through Ali’s family. The major Shiite collections are those of al-Kulini, al-Babuya al-Qummi, and al-Tusi.”

Quoting Adil Salahi (Arab News, London, June 12th, 2000):

“… I was provided with a written text from a book entitled ‘Maqam-e-Hadith’ by Mr. Pervez stating that there is firm evidence suggesting that there should be no written text to rival the Qur’an. He quotes three instances of the erasing of the Hadith. The first is an order by the Prophet to his companions to erase any statement of his they might have written down. The second speaks of Abu Bakr asking his daughter to bring him any Hadith written down and then destroying it. The third speaks of Omar asking all Muslims to bring over all that they had of Hadith written down and when it was collected, he ordered that it should all be burned.

While this raises doubt about the very existence of Hadith, it is clear in conflict with what we have learned that the Qur’an and the Hadith are the sources of he Islamic faith, its principles and details… no Muslim, not even the most articulate defender of the position of Hadith, puts Hadith on the same level with the Qur’an. There is no such thing as a rivalry between the Qur’an and the Hadith in any sense whatsoever…

God tells us in the Qur’an: ‘Whatever the Prophet bids you, take it; and whatever he forbids you, refrain from it.’ (59:7) He also says in more than one Sura: ‘Obey God and obey the messenger.’ (24:54) And He says: ‘Whoever obeys the messenger obeys God.’ (4:80)….

If we were to disregard the Hadith and claim that it has no position in Islamic legislation, how are we to implement God’s orders? …

Every statement must be taken within its context. This the Prophet said in the early days of Islam, when the Arabs, mostly unlettered people, were receiving the message directly from him, and the Qur’an was in the process of revelation.

The Prophet feared that in the situation that applied at the time that the Hadith might have been confused with the Qur’an. Therefore, he wanted to ensure that what was written was only the Qur’an. The Hadith was meant to be learned and reported verbally… ”

*****************************************************

Encyclopedia, Hadith
“Muhammad: Man and Prophet : A Complete Study of the Life of the Prophet of Islam”, by Adil Salahi



Switch to our mobile site